IRPNC Research intersets (T4)

Key words

Ecological restoration,


Research interests

During the coming five years the research team will strengthen multidisciplinary work in particular by integrating an assis-tant professor in environmental law starting in September 2016. The integrative character of restoration practice often requires concepts beyond exact sciences (biology, chemistry), in particular in large scale ecological restoration. Such a practical ecological restoration approach is part of compensation measures accompanying construction or exploitation activities and will become more important with the implementation of the French Biodiversity Law. An involvement of human sciences (sociology, economy, law) in restoration projects is needed for such a holistic approach. A second integra-tion level will be simultaneously developed at different organisation levels of organisms involved in ecological restoration allowing an analysis of target plant communities (diversity and species composition) and populations. These organisation levels are plant community ecology (Thierry Dutoit, Elise Buisson, François Mesléard) and population biology including intra-specific diversity (recruitment of Armin Bischoff in 2013 and integration of Aline Le Menn in 2015). A third integra-tion level will combine plant and animal (in particular insect) ecology to analyse plant-animal interactions and to identify key animal species for plant community restoration such as ants (Armin Bischoff, recruitment of Olivier Blight in 2015). This level also includes approaches to restore and increase functional biodiversity using candidate plant traits to attract natural enemies of crop herbivores and to analyse related ecosystem services of plant diversity. Within the IMBE research unit these project are particularly developed with research groups working on paleo-environment and macroecology, on origin and evolution of biodiversity and on ecological vulnerability and nature conservation. These internal IMBE collabo-rations will be complemented by local collaborations with the INRA Avignon, in particular with the research units PSH, EMMAH and ECODEV according to the research objectives. International collaborations will be strengthened with Brazili-an, Norwegian, German and Belgian partners. Corresponding proposals have been submitted (e.g. ANR PRCI for bilateral collaborations with German teams).
The chemists of the group (Carole Mathe, Cathy Vieillescazes, Matthieu Ménager) will widen their expertise by strength-ening research on natural dyes in collaboration with the ARCHEOMED network. The possibility of using x-ray fluorescence to analyse historical materiel (varnish colours, ferro-gallic ink) will be evaluated allowing the publication of a reference manual. The chemists are also contributing to the Labex project ARCHIMEDE that has just been accepted : “Dying for resur-rection. Representation of death during the evolution of mummification”. This multidisciplinary study of the human mum-my collection in the Museum of Confluence (Lyon) is appropriate to examine the history of mummification by analysing the human bodies in terms of age and geographical origin which are unknown for most of them.
Two European projects will be submitted :
• Alcohol in Ancient Societies : Archaeological and Anthropological approaches (programme ERC : European Research Council, September 2016).
• SCHITECH (European JoinDoctorate in Science and Technology for Cultural Heritage), programme Marie Curie Inno-vative Training Networks (ITN-EJD, January 2017).

Collaborations

Collaborations universitaires :

  • Réseau national CNRS d’archéométrie CAI-RN (Compétences Archéométriques Interdisciplinaires), 2011-2013 (Vieillescazes)
  • Groupe de recherche GdR CNRS, “Chimarc”, Bio-géo-physico-chimie des archéomatériaux, 2008-2011.6 (Vieillescazes)
  • Réseau d’Echanges et de Valorisation en Ecologie de la restauration -* REVER (Buisson & Dutoit)
  • Réseau d’Ecologie des Communautés végétales - ECOVEG (Dutoit & Buisson)
  • Valorisation programme « Ingénierie Ecologique », CNRS-INEE (Dutoit)

Collaborations industrielles ou institutionnelles :

  • PRIDES Industries Culturelles et Patrimoine
  • PRIDES Eco-entreprises
  • SFR TERSYS (développement des produits végétaux naturels)
  • ESAA (Ecole Supérieure d’Art d’Avignon)
  • SPSE
  • GRT Gaz
  • Gagneraud Constructions (SCLM)
  • CDC Biodiversité
  • CEN-PACA
  • Réserve naturelle nationale des coussouls de Crau
  • Chambre d’Agriculture 13
  • Maison de la Transhumance
  • Réserve naturelle nationale des marais du Vigueirat
  • Ecomed
  • Naturalia Environnement
  • ICP
  • CERPAM
  • DREAL PACA
  • CG 13
  • CG 84
  • Musée des Confluences, Lyon
  • Société NEXIPRA, division Food