Labs1point5

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 1 and the Intergovernmental Panel on Biodiversity (IPBES) 2,3 have highlighted the links between environmental change and human activities. Climate change and the collapse of biodiversity observed today threaten our societies and human life on Earth 4,5. All the countries of the world have agreed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) in order to limit warming to 1.5°C (Paris Agreement, COP21) and have defined, through the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), sustainable development objectives (SDO) and biodiversity preservation. The success of these challenges requires the mobilization of all citizens and their institutions, thus requiring profound societal changes (or Ecological Transition), particularly with regard to current consumption and travel patterns.

IMBE scientists - whose expertise covers issues related to climate change, destruction of natural habitats, ecosystem functioning, biological invasions, links between health and the environment and sustainable management of ecosystems - are aware of the environmental disruption underway. They therefore fully support the initiative of research laboratories at the national level to assess the impact of their research activities on the environmental crisis and to orientate the functioning of public research in line with the ambitions of the Ecological Transition.

Based on a methodology common to all laboratories participating in Labos1point5, IMBE will work to quantify its carbon footprintas early as 2021, and hopes to implement a multi-year action plan to gradually reduce it.


(French) Pour reprendre le texte fondateur du collectif national  :
«  Si certains redoutent que ce processus ouvre la voie à une limitation des libertés individuelles ou à une réduction de la qualité de la recherche, nous voyons au contraire dans ce moment historique l’opportunité d’une transformation positive et profonde de nos pratiques, de collaboration, de partage des données mais aussi des modes d’évaluation de nos travaux. Cette transformation ne pourra pas s’opérer sans rupture avec un modèle actuel de production et de diffusion des savoirs académiques qui n’est pas sans dérive. Il s’agit donc d’une formidable occasion d’ouvrir la voie à une nouvelle éthique de recherche, à une activité scientifique toujours aussi fertile mais plus sobre, plus respectueuse de l’environnement, bref à un monde académique plus humain.   »

REFERENCES

(1) IPCC (2018) : Summary for Policymakers. In : Global Warming of 1.5°C. An IPCC Special Report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas emission pathways, in the context of strengthening the global response to the threat of climate change, sustainable development, and efforts to eradicate poverty [Masson-Delmotte, V., P. Zhai, H.-O. Pörtner, D. Roberts, J. Skea, P.R. Shukla, A. Pirani, W. Moufouma-Okia, C. Péan, R. Pidcock, S. Connors, J.B.R. Matthews, Y. Chen, X. Zhou, M.I. Gomis, E. Lonnoy, T. Maycock, M. Tignor, and T. Waterfield (eds.)]. World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 32 pp.



(2) IPBES (2019) : Summary for policymakers of the global assessment report on biodiversity and ecosystem services of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. S. Díaz, J. Settele, E. S. Brondízio E.S., H. T. Ngo, M. Guèze, J. Agard, A. Arneth, P. Balvanera, K. A. Brauman, S. H. M. Butchart, K. M. A. Chan, L. A. Garibaldi, K. Ichii, J. Liu, S. M. Subramanian, G. F. Midgley, P. Miloslavich, Z. Molnár, D. Obura, A. Pfaff, S. Polasky, A. Purvis, J. Razzaque, B. Reyers, R. Roy Chowdhury, Y. J. Shin, I. J. Visseren-Hamakers, K. J. Willis, and C. N. Zayas (eds.). IPBES secretariat, Bonn, Germany. 56 pp.



(3) Schmeller, D.S., Courchamp, F., Killeen, G., 2020. Biodiversity loss, emerging pathogens and human health risks. Biodiversity and Conservation 29, 3095–3102. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-020-02021-6
(parle aussi du climate change)



(4) Naeem, S., Chazdon, R., Duffy, J.E., Prager, C., Worm, B., 2016. Biodiversity and human well-being : an essential link for sustainable development. Proceedings of the Royal Society B : Biological Sciences 283, 20162091. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2016.2091



(5) Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Jacob, D., Taylor, M., Guillén Bolaños, T., Bindi, M., Brown, S., Camilloni, I.A., Diedhiou, A., Djalante, R., Ebi, K., Engelbrecht, F., Guiot, J., Hijioka, Y., Mehrotra, S., Hope, C.W., Payne, A.J., Pörtner, H.-O., Seneviratne, S.I., Thomas, A., Warren, R., Zhou, G., 2019. The human imperative of stabilizing global climate change at 1.5°C. Science 365, eaaw6974. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaw6974